GENERAL DIFFERENCES BETWEEN HOUSE AND SENATE MEMBERS

 

House

Senate

Minimum Age

25 years

30 years

US Citizenship

7 years minimum

9 years minimum

Residency

Resident of state; usually a resident of district they represent

Resident of state

Length of term

2 years

6 years

Number per State

Based on population:

 

1 per about 650,000 today but each state has at least 1

 

 

 

 

 

2 per state

Total Number

435

100

Constitutional Powers

         Initiates all tax bills

         Initiates all spending bills (Tradition)

         Initiates impeachment & Removal

         Can approve or reject presidential nominations

         Can reject or ratify treaties

         Acts as jury in impeachment trial