Final Exam:



This study guide is now FINALIZED

Good luck on the exam!


Camptasia Lecture Recordings


Power point Presentations

Key Terms

Daily Life
Rise of European Nations
  • Countryside 
    • Nobility 
      • Vassals/Knights 
      • Fief 
    • Peasants/Serfs 
  • Towns 
    • Size 
    • Industry 
      • Guild System 
  • Population Drops 
    • Food 
    • Pestilence/Black Death
  • England 
    • William the Conqueror (r. 1066-1087) 
      • Domesday Book
    • Henry II (r. 1154-1189)
    • Others
      • King John (r. 1199-1216)
        • Magna Carta (1215)
  • France
    • Louis IX (1226-1270)
      • Saint Louis
  • Russia
    • Background
    • Two Czars
      • Ivan III (The Great)
        • Kremlin
      • Ivan IV (The Terrible)

Reformation & Age of Discovery
  • Intellectual Trends
    • Humanism
      • Petrarch
  • Ideas Spread 
    • Printing Press
      • Gutenberg
  • Literature
      • Machiavelli
        • The Prince
  • Florence, Italy
  • Art
    • Donatello
    • Leonardo
    • Michelangelo
    • Raphael
  • Protestant Reformation
    • Martin Luther
      • 95 Theses
      • Indulgences
    • John Calvin
      • Predestination
  • Age of Exploration
    • Who?
      • Cortez


 Short Answer/Fill in (one or more of these could be included on the exam)


There could be one or more questions from the film "The Return of Martin Guerre"

Dates to know:

Rough Time Period
William Conquers England 1066
Magna Carta 1215
The Black Death first hits 1350
Donatello's Life (approximate) 1385-1465
Gutenburg's Bible 1450
Publication of The Prince 1500s
Michelangelo's Life (approximate) 1475-1565
Martin Luther posts 95 Theses 1510s
Cortez Conquers Mexico 1520s


One of these questions will be chosen at random the day of the exam.

  1. Assume you are 50 years old in 1375 and are living in a rural area of Europe.  Describe your life.  Compare your life to other people living near you and in urban areas.  What are some major changes that have taken place in your community, and others, during your lifetime?  Explain.  (Hint:  make sure to discuss urban and rural living as well as life for peasants and nobles for someone who has lived through the Black Death.)
  2. Compare and contrast the accomplishments of three of the following four leaders:  William the Conqueror, Henry II, Louis IX, and Ivan the Great.  What were their actions and accomplishments?  Overall, which of these leaders do you believe had the biggest impact on the development of Western Civilizations?  Explain.
  3. Write an essay describing the Renaissance, the ways in which it was influenced by Humanism, and how it impacted life in Europe.  (Hint- focus on these areas:  What was Humanism and how did it impact the Renaissance?  How did the ideas of the Humanists spread so quickly across Europe?  How were Humanist ideas reflected in the art and literature of the era?)

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