The Exam must be completed by:  Tuesday May 5 by 11:00 PM


This study guide is now FINALIZED

Good luck on the exam!


A note about the exam:  You must enter the Moodle site to obtain access to the multiple choice section of the exam.  There is no time limit, but once you begin this section of the exam it must be finished.  Students will not be allowed to start, then stop, the restart the multiple choice questions.  It also must be COMPLETED by 11:00 PM on the date in which it is due or it will not be available.  The second section of the exam is essay.  You may chose any two questions below and answer them.  The answers must be sent to me as an e-mail attachment.  I MUST receive the e-mail by 11:00 PM on the date it which it is due.  As soon as I receive your e-mail with the essays, I will reply and let you know I've received it.  If you haven't received an e-mail reply, that probably means I didn't receive the message.  Please don't wait until the last minute to take the exam; try to leave yourself time in case of some sort of a problem. 

Instructions for taking Exam #4:


A handful of students have experienced some technical problems sending their essays.  I would like to suggest that you send a carbon copy (cc:) of your essays to yourself when you send them to me.  That way you will have a receipt with a time/date you sent your essays and let you know if the transmission worked.  I would hold onto that "receipt" until you reply back from me letting you know I received your essay with no problems.



  • Qualifications/Powers 
    • Job Requirements 
    • Term Length 
    • Number per State 
    • Total Number 
    • Constitutional Powers
  • Organization 
    • Leaders
      • House
        • Speaker of the House 
        • House Majority Leader
        • House Minority Leader
        • Whips 
      • Senate
        • President of the Senate
        • President Pro-tempore 
        • Senate Majority Leader
        • Senate Minority Leader
        • Whips
        • "Rookie Senators"





Key Terms
Congress:  How a Bill Becomes a Law Presidency
  1. Introduction 
  2. In Committee
    • Hearings & Markup
  3. On the Floor
    • Debate
    • Earmarking (Pork-Barrel Projects)
    • Filibuster
    • Cloture
  1. In Conference
  2. Back to the Floor for a vote
  3. Send to the President
    • Veto 
    • Veto Override
  • Ranking/Popularity
  • Qualifications/Constitution
  • Roles/Function (5)
    1. Administrative
      • Cabinet
    2. Domestic Policy
      • Veto
      • Pocket Veto
    3. Foreign Policy
      • Treaty-Making
      • Executive Agreement
    4. Military Leader
      • War Powers Act
    5. Symbolic Leader
      • Pardon




Key Terms


  • Types of Courts

    • State

      • Trial Court

      • Appellate Court

    • Terms

      • Plea Bargain

      • Precedent/Stare Decisis

    • Federal/National

  • Qualifications & Constitution

    • Judicial Review

  • Hearing Cases

    • Writ of Certiorari

  • Important Cases

    • Marbury vs. Madison

    • Gideon vs. Wainright

    • Miranda vs. Arizona



 The list of terms below only appeared in the Textbook:



Possible essay questions for the exam:  You may chose any two of the four questions below to answer.  It's your choice.

  1. Compare and contrast the similarities and differences between the United States House of Representatives and the United States Senate.  The essay should focus on the following topics:  qualifications, organization of leadership, and Constitutional powers.  Overall, which do you believe to be the more powerful of the two?  Explain.
  2. Explain and evaluate the process by which a bill becomes a law.  List and explain the six steps that are included in this process in both the House of Representatives and Senate.  Overall, how would you evaluate this system?  Does it work well/poorly?   Explain.
  3. Describe and evaluate four of the five roles/functions of the Presidency as discussed in class.  Overall, what do you believe is the single most important role/function the President fulfills?  Explain.
  4. Describe and evaluate the major concepts associated with the Courts and how they operate in the US today.  (Hint:  The essay should focus on these areas:  the different types of courts at the state and national level; qualifications for holding a position and constitutional powers; the process for hearing cases).  Overall, how would you evaluate the court system?  Explain.



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