The Exam must be completed by:  Tuesday January 27 at 11:00 PM


This study guide is now FINALIZED

Good luck on the exam!


A note about the exam:  You must enter the Moodle site to obtain access to the multiple choice section of the exam.  There is no time limit, but once you begin this section of the exam it must be finished.  Students will not be allowed to start, then stop, the restart the multiple choice questions.  It also must be COMPLETED by 11:00 PM on the date in which it is due or it will not be available.  The second section of the exam is essay.  You may chose any two questions below and answer them.  The answers must be sent to me as an e-mail attachment.  I MUST receive the e-mail by 11:00 PM on the date it which it is due.  As soon as I receive your e-mail with the essays, I will reply and let you know I've received it.  If you haven't received an e-mail reply, that probably means I didn't receive the message.  Please don't wait until the last minute to take the exam; try to leave yourself time in case of some sort of a problem. 

Instructions for taking Exam #1:


A handful of students have experienced some technical problems sending their essays.  I would like to suggest that you send a carbon copy (cc:) of your essays to yourself when you send them to me.  That way you will have a receipt with a time/date you sent your essays and let you know if the transmission worked.  I would hold onto that "receipt" until you reply back from me letting you know I received your essay with no problems.


Key Terms/Ideas
Origins of the Constitution
Constitution Continued
  • First Constitution
    • Articles of Confederation
      • Problems
  • Republic
  • Controversies & Compromises at the Constitutional Convention
    • Who?
      • Washington
    • Controversy & Compromise
      1. Representation/Congress
        • Virginia Plan
          • James Madison
        • Great Compromise
          • Ben Franklin
      2. Slavery
        • 3/5 Compromise
      3. Chief Executive
        • Electoral College
  • Separation of Powers/Checks & Balances (see below)
    • Impeachment/Removal Process
  • Amendment Process
    • ERA



  • What/Why?
  • Constitutional Basis for...
    • Strong National Government
      • "Necessary & Proper"
      • Supremacy Clause
    • States Rights
      • 10th Amendment
    • State/State Relations
      • "Full  Faith & Credit"
  • 20th Century
    • New Deal
      • FDR
    • Elections

  Terms from the textbook (Chapters 1, 2 and 3)
  • Identity Politics

  • Political Culture

  • Popular Sovereignty

  • Indirect Democracy

  • Democracy

  • Shay's Rebellion

  • Federalists

  • Anti-Federalists

  • Confederal System

  • Unitary System

  • Dual Federalism

  • McCulloch vs. Maryland

  • New Federalism

  • Devolution

  • Unfunded Mandates

    Separation of Powers/Checks and Balances
    (This is the same as the information from class)
    What? Executive Branch Legislative Branch Judicial Branch
    Who? President and administrative staff House of Representatives, Senate (Congress) Supreme Court, 
    Federal Courts
    Job Enforces laws  Writes laws Interprets laws
    Check Nominates Supreme Court Justices and Federal Judges Senate confirms or rejects Judicial nominations  Can declare Presidential or Congressional actions to be unconstitutional
    Check Can propose laws Writes & Passes laws Can declare 
    laws to be unconstitutional
    Check Can veto laws passed by Congress Can override presidential veto
    Check Commander in chief of armed forces Has sole authority to declare war 
    Check Can impeach and remove President, Federal judges, or Supreme Court Justices Chief Justice of the Supreme Court presides over Presidential impeachment trial 



    Possible essay questions for the exam:  You may chose any two of the three questions below to answer.  It's your choice.


      1. Compromise of ideas has played an important role in United States political history. What were three controversies at the Constitutional Convention and how were they resolved through compromise?  Overall, which compromise reached during the Constitutional Convention do you believe to be the most important?  Explain.
      2. Write an essay that describes and evaluates (in detail) the system of Separation of Powers/Checks & Balances.  Overall, do you think it effectively protects the people's freedom and liberty?  Why/why not?
      3. Describe and evaluate the primary issues associated with Federalism in the United States.  What is Federalism?  What is the constitutional basis for it?  How have attitudes toward Federalism changed in the Twentieth Century?  Is the current US system of Federalism an effective system of dividing power?  Why/why not?


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