Exam Date:

Monday/Wednesday Class:  12/20----Notice the change due to the Snow Day

Just to repeat; M/W Final exam will be Monday 12/20--I'm sorry for any confusion

Wednesday Night Class:  12/15


This study guide has been FINALIZED

Good luck on the exam!

Camtasia Classroom Recordings


These presentations can best be viewed using Internet Explorer as your web browser.

Key Terms


Congress-How a bill becomes a law

  • Qualifications/Powers 
    • Job Requirements 
    • Term Length 
    • Number per State 
    • Total Number 
    • Constitutional Powers
  • Organization 
    • Leaders
      • House
        • Speaker of the House 
        • House Majority Leader
        • House Minority Leader
        • Whips 
      • Senate
        • President of the Senate
        • President Pro-tempore 
        • Senate Majority Leader
        • Senate Minority Leader
        • Whips
        • "Rookie Senators"

1.     Introduction 

2.     In Committee

o    Hearings & Markup

3.     On the Floor

o    Debate



o    Earmarking (Pork-Barrel Projects)

4.     In Conference

5.     Back to the Floor for a vote

6.     Send to the President

o    Veto 

o    Veto Override






  • Ranking/Popularity
  • Qualifications/Constitution
  • Roles/Function (5)
    • Administrative
      • Cabinet
    • Domestic Policy
      • Veto
      • Pocket Veto
    • Foreign Policy
      • Treaty-Making
      • Executive Agreement
    • Military Leader
      • War Powers Act
    • Symbolic Leader
      • Pardon
  • Qualifications/Constitution
  • Nominating Process
  • Judicial Review



These items were not covered in lecture, but are found in the text and are could be the basis of one or more multiple choice questions:



  • Reapportionment
  • Gerrymandering
  • Logrolling
  • Whig Theory
  • Stewardship Theory
  • Civil Law
  • Criminal Law
  • Procedural Law
  • Judicial Restraint
  • Judicial Activism





One of the following will be chosen at random the day of the exam:


1.     Compare and contrast the similarities and differences between the United States House of Representatives and the United States Senate.  The essay should focus on the following topics:  qualifications, organization of leadership, and Constitutional powers.  Overall, which do you believe to be the more powerful of the two?  Explain.

2.     Explain and evaluate the process by which a bill becomes a law.  List and explain the six steps that are included in this process in both the House of Representatives and Senate. Overall, how would you evaluate this system? Does it work well/poorly? Explain.

3.     Describe and evaluate four of the five roles/functions of the Presidency as discussed in class.  Overall, what do you believe is the single most important role/function the President fulfills?  Explain.

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