Summary/Analysis Paper Instructions for Mayflower


US History, Fall 2010


Discussion/Quiz:  10/26; Paper Due:  11/2


This paper should include your responses to Mayflower, by Nathaniel Philbrick.  You only have to read Parts I and II (up to page 157).  The paper should answer ALL of the Questions for Consideration below, but feel free to comment on other information included in the book.  Direct quotes must have quotation marks and the page number on which they appear should also be included (see instructions on the back of this page). Your papers can also comment on material related to information presented in lecture (by the way, this is one way to show analysis).  Papers must be typed, double-spaced, and well written (correct grammar, spelling, punctuation, etc.).  There is no page requirement, but I will guess that it will probably take at least 1,000 words, or four pages to answer the questions with enough supporting detail.  Make sure to include a title page and follow the other technical details (five points) and staple the pages together.  Do not buy a cover for the paper.


The easiest way to organize this paper is to answer each question in its own paragraph or series of paragraphs.  If you would rather write a formal essay that incorporates all of the answers to the Questions for Consideration, that is fine.  The layout/organization of this paper is entirely up to you. 


Hint:  for the quiz, among other items, you may be asked about the following characters/terms:  William Bradford; Corbitant; “First Encounter;” Hobbamock; Leiden, Holland; John Howland; Massasoit; Mayflower Compact; Pokanokets; Samoset; Speedwell; Squanto; Miles Standish; Edward Winslow.


Questions for Consideration


1.     Describe the following characters:  William Bradford, Massasoit, Squanto, Miles Standish, who were they?  What role did they have in the story?

2.     What were some of the struggles the Pilgrims faced even before they arrived in New England?

3.     What were some of the problems/conditions faced following their initial arrival in New England?  Why did they end up settling at Plymouth? 

4.     Describe the interaction between Native Americans & Pilgrim settlers in New England.  How was the “balance of power” impacted by the settlers’ arrival & presence?

5.     How does the author describe the historical subjects of Plymouth Rock & the first Thanksgiving?  In what ways does this information provide new insight to your understanding of these key symbols of early American history?

6.     What are the strengths & weaknesses of this book as a source to learn about the history of colonial New England and the relations between colonists & Native Americans?  (Hint:  What was the author's background?  What sources did the author use to write the book?  Was it easy/enjoyable to read?  Why/why not?  How would you describe & evaluate the author’s writing style?)


Citation Format Style


1.     Italicize the titles of books or ships.


2.     Spell out all numbers between zero and nine.


3.     Watch verb-tense; usually past tense is best to use while writing, but the paper may be written using either past or present tense.  Just make sure to be consistent.


4.     Try to avoid over-use of quotations, but any quotation longer than four lines should be indented five spaces and single-spaced (rather than double-spaced).   If/when this is done there is no need for quotation marks.


5.     A source MUST be cited and/or included in the bibliography when a:


a)     Direct quote is taken from a source.

b)    Series of sentences or a paragraph are paraphrased.  For example, if some words are changed around there must be an in-text citation and an item must be included in the bibliography.

c)     Source is consulted (even if nothing is quoted or paraphrased) it must be included in the bibliography.


6.     When providing a citation within the body of the paper the in-text citation style is used.  Citation examples are below:


a)     Example of how a direct quote or paraphrase taken from the book you are assigned to read should be cited (only the page number is needed): 


“The Geneva Accords of 1954 reflected these influences” (41).


b)    Example of how to cite a direct quote taken from a website (for a website only the author is needed): 


“On Good Friday, April 14, 1865, Lincoln was assassinated at Ford's Theatre in Washington by John Wilkes Booth, an actor, who somehow thought he was helping the South” (White House).


7.     If a source other than the book that is assigned is used, a bibliography is required.  The bibliography page should be the last page of the paper and entries should be organized in alphabetical order according to author (not numbered).  Entries should also be single-spaced within the entry and double-spaced between each entry.  


a)     For websites, include the author (if one is listed), the title, the complete URL address of your website and the date it was accessed.


White House. “Abraham Lincoln.”

     Accessed 20, May 2010.