Separation of Powers/Checks and Balances



What? Executive Branch Legislative Branch Judicial Branch
Who? President and administrative staff  House of Representatives, Senate (Congress) Supreme Court, 
Federal Courts
Job Enforces laws Writes laws Interprets laws
Check Nominates Supreme Court Justices and Federal Judges Senate confirms  or rejects Judicial nominations Can declare Presidential or Congressional actions to be unconstitutional
Check Can propose laws Passes laws Can declare  laws to be unconstitutional
Check Can veto bills passed by Congress Can override presidential veto  
Check Commander in chief of armed forces Has sole authority to declare war  
Check   Can impeach and remove President, Federal judges, or Supreme Court Justices Chief Justice of the Supreme Court presides over Presidential impeachment trial